Welcome to the Czech Republic! As an expat, your journey is bound to be filled with exciting new experiences. Your health and well-being, as well as that of your family, are of utmost importance. This comprehensive guide is here to dive deep into the Czech healthcare system and provide you with invaluable tips for seamless integration.

Peeking Behind the Curtain: Understanding the Czech Healthcare System

A Journey Through History

The Czech healthcare system has an interesting backstory. It started with the Bismarck model, took a Soviet Semashko detour during communism, and eventually circled back to its Bismarck roots after the Velvet Revolution in 1989. It now operates on a compulsory insurance basis and continuously evolves to meet modern demands.

In the Czech Republic, healthcare is universal, ensuring that all permanent residents have access to necessary services. The system primarily relies on compulsory public health insurance, with some co-payments for certain services.

Unveiling the Cast of Characters

Various stakeholders play crucial roles in the healthcare system. The government, through the Ministry of Health, sets policies and budgets. Insurance providers manage health insurance funds and reimburse healthcare providers. Healthcare professionals are responsible for delivering top-notch services. As a patient, you have the right to choose your healthcare providers and contribute to the public health insurance.

Pillars of Principles and Values

The Czech healthcare system is built on the principles of universality, solidarity, and equality. Every resident has access to healthcare, with contributions based on income. Regardless of contributions, everyone is entitled to the same range of basic services.

Demystifying the Legal Landscape



Laws That Matter for Expats

As an expat, familiarizing yourself with Act No. 326/1999 Coll., on the Residence of Foreign Nationals, is vital. This legislation outlines conditions for entry and residence in the Czech Republic, which can impact your access to healthcare. If you’d like to read up on the legalities, visit the official Ministry website here: https://www.mzv.cz/file/517833/Act_on_the_Residence_of_Foreign_Nationals_1_.pdf

Health Insurance for Non-EU Residents

Non-EU expats must obtain private health insurance to accompany their visa or residency application (it will not be granted without it). Comprehensive health insurance from a Czech insurer is mandatory for non-EU citizens. At first this may seem like a pain, but in the long run, it may save you a lot of pain! Private Health Insurance companies have many packages specifically for foreigners just starting here, and they cover the basics, with available add-ons. Companies like VZP, Uniqa, and Slavia offer tailored plans to cater to expat needs.

Show Me the Money: Funding and Insurance

Public Health Insurance

Citizens and permanent residents are automatically enrolled in the public health insurance system, which covers primary care, hospital stays, and most prescription medications. However, dental care falls outside its coverage. As mentioned above, expats are required to purchase private health insurance (or provide proof from their employer showing they are registered under the company’s insurance) to be legally permitted to stay in the country. 

Sharing the Load: Cost-sharing and Co-payments

Prepare yourself for minor co-payments when it comes to services such as prescriptions, dental work, and specialist visits without referrals. The prices vary per establishment or doctor, so some research beforehand is never a bad idea. For example, a simple google search of English speaking dentists in Prague can provide you with many options, and usually prices are listed on their website and if they accept partial coverage from insurance companies. 

Access Granted: Navigating Healthcare Services

Finding Your Main Point of Contact: General Practitioners

Choosing a general practitioner (GP) near your home or workplace is key. You can select public GPs, and a list of providers can be found by performing a simple google search. Alternatively, private GP services like Canadian Medical, Unicare, My Clinic, and Medicon are available.

Referrals and Waiting Times

For specialist services, a referral from your GP is required. Waiting times may vary, but having private insurance can help reduce wait times for specialist appointments. 

Lost in Translation: Medical Facilities and English-speaking Staff

Prague boasts several private clinics with English-speaking staff. However, keep in mind that not all public healthcare professionals may be fluent in English, so it’s beneficial to learn basic Czech medical terms, or bring a friend or someone who speaks fluent Czech. Private institutions tend to have more English speaking professionals but the cost may also reflect this.

If you’re not confident in your Czech language skills or don’t have anyone to accompany you, inquire beforehand whether the healthcare facility has English-speaking staff. Consider bringing a translator along if needed (for a fee, of course).

The Right Prescription: Medications and Pharmacies

Obtaining Prescriptions

With a prescription from a Czech doctor, you can easily obtain medications from any pharmacy. Look for pharmacies marked with a green cross. The Czech word for pharmacy is Lekarna, and can be found all over the city.

Insurance Coverage for Medications

Public health insurance covers most prescription medication costs, but specifics may vary with private insurance policies. Always check the details of your insurance coverage.

Survival Guide for Expats: Practical Tips

EU citizens should carry the S1 form to register with Czech public health insurance, ensuring coverage similar to that of Czech citizens.

Familiarize yourself with the emergency numbers: dial 112 for general emergencies and 155 for medical emergencies.

Maintain a personal health record, preferably in both English and Czech, and bring it with you during visits to healthcare professionals.

Note that dental care is not fully covered by public health insurance, so consider obtaining additional dental insurance.

Wrapping It Up

The Czech Republic boasts an accessible and high-quality healthcare system. As an expat, navigating this system efficiently requires understanding and proactiveness. Ensure you have appropriate insurance coverage, choose healthcare providers wisely, and always have essential contact numbers at hand. Take care of your health and relish every moment in this beautiful country!